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Kata
Tetsugaku Junbi Undo Hojo Undo Kotekitae Kihon & Uke Harai Kata Bunkai Kakie Kumite Rekishi & Dento

 

Kihongata
Kaishugata
Heishugata

 

 

Kata (form or mould) is the essence of Karate. It was designed by various masters as a way of handing down their style or school, thus providing a logical way to study, practice and pass down what they felt were important techniques from teacher to student. Kata is a series of pre-arranged movements designed to create a feel for fighting multiple opponents at one time and is used to help mould the Karate practitioner physically, mentally and spiritually.

In Goju-Ryu Karate-Do there are three types of Kata; Heishuagata (closed hand Kata), Kaishugata (open hand Kata) and Kihongata (basic Kata). Heishugata is where the entire body is kept at a constant level of tension. Sanchin and Tensho Kata are both examples of Heishugata. Kaishugata is where the level of tension of the body varies throughout the Kata. All Goju-Ryu Karate-Do Kata, except Sanchin and Tensho Katas, are Kaishugata. As well as being a Heishugata, Sanchin Kata is also categorized in Goju-Ryu Karate-Do as a Kihongata because it is considered to be the fundamental or basic Kata of Goju-Ryu Karate-Do.

Most of the Kata of Goju-Ryu Karate-Do originated in China and were brought to Okinawa in 1881 by Master Kanryo Higaonna. These Kata are Sanchin, Saifa, Seiyunchin, Shisochin, Sanseru, Sepai, Kururunfa, Sesan and Suparinpei. Other Kata originated in Okinawa. Master Chojun Miyagi created Gekisai Dai Ichi and Gekisai Dai Ni Kata. He also developed a version of Sanchin Kata and created the Kata Tensho which he developed from a Chinese Kata called Rokkishu.

Kata is the most important part of a Karate practitioner's training. It develops strength, cardio, flexibility, speed, power, coordination, Kokyu-Ho (inhale/exhale breathing method), self-defence skills through Bunkai (analysis), Qigong (practice of internal and external universal energy), discipline, focused mind, confidence, memorization skills, how to pay attention to detail, perseverance, a hard work ethic, etc. However the ultimate aim of Kata is the unity of the body, mind, and spirit.

    Goju-Ryu Karate-Do Kata

Hitotsu (first)  Hitotsu (first)  Hitotsu (first)

Kihongata

Kaishugata

Heishugata

Sanchin (1) Gekisai Dai Ichi   Tensho
(Chojun Miyagi Sensei’s version)

Gekisai Dai Ni  

Sanchin (2) Saifa
(Kanryo Higaonna Sensei’s version) Seiyunchin
Shisochin
Sanseru
Sepai  
Kururunfa
Sesan
Suparinpei
 
 

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